Will Britain Leave the EU?
Though stocks reached new 2016 highs last week, they ended the week mixed as investors showed nervousness ahead of Britain’s vote on exiting the European Union.[i] For the week, the S&P 500 slipped 0.15%, the Dow gained 0.33%, the NASDAQ fell 0.97%, and the MSCI EAFE lost 1.79%.[ii]
Though fear took over last week, some strategists believe that the S&P 500 could still test new historic highs in the days ahead, indicating that there’s still some optimism on Wall Street.
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On June 23, Great Britain will hold a national referendum on whether or not to remain within the EU. The polls had shown that both sides were neck and neck, though the pro-“Brexit” (British exit) side has recently opened a 10-point lead.[iii] Though Britain retains the pound sterling and isn’t part of the monetary union, it is a member of the 28-member European Union, which gives it access to the EU’s tariff-free single market, accounting for 45% of Britain’s export trade. One estimate suggests that Britain’s trade with Europe is 55% higher than it would be had it not joined the EU. [iv]
Why would Britain want to leave such a lucrative arrangement?
The debate over whether to stay or go comes down to a few key issues:
|Stay Within the EU:||Leave the EU:|
|By staying, Britain avoids expensive tariffs and import/export red tape when accessing the EU market. It can also take advantage of the EU’s size in negotiating trade terms with other partners.||By leaving, Britain can negotiate new trade terms with EU member countries and develop new trade deals with China, India, and other countries without EU interference.|
|Regulations are standardized across the EU, avoiding the hassle and expense of negotiating country-by-country standards.||By leaving, Britain will be able to negotiate its own employment, health, and safety standards.|
|Leaving the EU doesn’t guarantee that Britain can stem the tide of immigrants and economic migrants.||Britain can create an immigration system to better suit its economic and social needs.|
|During international diplomatic efforts, Britain benefits by being represented twice: by its own foreign secretary and by the EU high representative.||Britain can reclaim its national interests and influence international policy in its own favor.|
Source: The Economist, Britain Stronger in Europe, Vote Leave
What would a Brexit mean for U.S. investors?
Markets would likely react badly if Britons voted to leave the EU. The situation would create serious uncertainty about the future of the EU, and markets hate uncertainty. We don’t know exactly how a Brexit would play out; many legal agreements would have to be renegotiated, work situations for EU and British citizens would be left in limbo, and the political climate would drastically change.[v] However, these consequences would play out over several years as both sides negotiate the exit.[vi]
Estimates on the cost of a Brexit vary; one worst-case scenario projects a 6.2% loss of economic growth in Britain by 2030. Another estimate projects a best-case scenario of a 1.6% increase in Gross Domestic Product.[vii] It’s very difficult to predict the relative benefits and costs because so much depends on exit negotiations.[viii] However, since Britain and Europe need each other, it’s likely that post-Brexit negotiations would be favorable to free trade, making the worst-case scenario unlikely.
Many of the worst-case fears regarding a Brexit are similar to those we faced in 2015 with the “Grexit” or Greek exit. The departure of an important member nation could fracture the EU and cause other countries to consider following suit.
Though it seems unlikely that a Brexit would seriously harm U.S. interests, Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen stated that the Fed would consider the potential impact of a Brexit when setting interest rate policy this month.[ix] Most experts don’t expect the Fed to raise rates this week, though there’s always room for a surprise.
Is a Brexit the black swan event that could throw a wrench into markets? It’s certainly possible, but it’s not the most likely scenario. Though a British exit would certainly affect global markets, it’s important to keep things in perspective. Headwinds and threats come in all shapes and sizes, and it’s important to take them in stride. Some headwinds blow in for a while and then go away; others linger and cause more significant volatility. Being a long-term investor means staying flexible and maintaining focus on your individual goals. If you have any questions about how Britain’s vote may affect your portfolio, please give us a call.
Tuesday: Retail Sales, Import and Export Prices, Business Inventories
Wednesday: PPI-FD, Empire State Manufacturing Survey, Industrial Production, EIA Petroleum Status Report, FOMC Meeting Announcement, FOMC Forecasts, Fed Chair Press Conference 2:30 PM ET, Treasury International Capital
Thursday: Consumer Price Index, Jobless Claims, Philadelphia Fed Business Outlook Survey, Housing Market Index
Friday: Housing Starts
|Data as of 6/10/2016||1-Week||Since 1/1/16||1-Year||5-Year||10-Year|
|Standard & Poor's 500||-0.15%||2.55%||-0.43%||12.98%||6.74%|
|U.S. Corporate Bond Index||0.51%||6.45%||7.44%||5.50%||7.72%|
|Data as of 6/10/2016||1 mo.||6 mo.||1 yr.||5 yr.||10 yr.|
|Treasury Yields (CMT)||0.18%||0.42%||0.57%||1.17%||1.64%|
Notes: All index returns exclude reinvested dividends, and the 5-year and 10-year returns are annualized. Sources: Yahoo! Finance, S&P Dow Jones Indices, and Treasury.gov. International performance is represented by the MSCI EAFE Index. Corporate bond performance is represented by the SPUSCIG. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indices are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly.
Consumer sentiment slips in June. A measure of how Americans are feeling about the economy and their prospects fell slightly even though Americans are feeling the benefit of higher wages.[x]
Jobless claims fall unexpectedly. The number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits fell last week, suggesting strength in the labor market after May’s weak hiring.[xi]
Employers announce most job openings in nine months. Though employers are posting record job openings, they are holding back on filling them, suggesting businesses may have concerns about economic growth.[xii]
Oil prices jump on supply disruptions. Though the world is still gripped in an oil-supply slump, supply disruptions in several oil-producing nations gave oil prices a recent boost.[xiii]
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